What is Sacroiliac Joint Pain?
Sacroiliac (pronounced sak-roh-il-ee-ak) joint pain, sometimes called SI dysfunction, is thought to cause lower back and/or radiating leg pain. The leg pain can be particularly painful. SI Joint Pain feels similar to sciatica (see below) or pain caused by a spinal disc herniation, but it has a different cause.
Anatomy of Sacroiliac Joint
The sacroiliac joint describes the area where the spine meets the pelvis. Towards the bottom of the spine is a group of vertebrae called the sacrum (the triangle-shaped area between the lumbar and tailbone) which connects to the iliac crest (pelvic bone). The sacroiliac joint has limited mobility, but is very durable and strong. It is also reinforced by strong ligaments that surround the joint. These two joints (there is one on each side) are responsible for supporting the entire upper-body from the hips.
The sacroiliac joint does not have a large range of motion, unlike other joints in the body. This limitation in mobility is necessary for its strength. The joint also serves to act as a shock-absorber, transmitting any force the upper-body places onto the legs .
Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Pain
The cause of SI pain is not entirely understood, however it is thought to be caused by some issue with the joint’s movement.
Sacroiliac Joint Pain can have multiple causes like, arthritis, pregnancy, infection, and trauma, including falls and auto accidents.
What is Sciatica?
Sciatica (pronounced sigh-at-eh-kah) describes the symptom of pain in the leg(s), with possible tingling, numbness, or weakness. The pain originates in the lower back and travels through the buttock and down a large nerve, located in the back of each leg. The pain is named for that nerve—called the sciatic nerve—which runs down the back of the leg.
Sciatica is not a condition by itself, but instead is a symptom of some other underlying condition. Some conditions that could cause sciatica are: lumbar herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, or spinal stenosis.
Symptoms of Sciatica
Causes of Sciatica
As mentioned, sciatica and back pain can be the result of many different injuries or conditions. It is a fairly common complaint of people who are injured in automobile accidents. People with injuries like:
Sciatic is most commonly caused by pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves. This is the reason that the pain seems to appear in a place other than where the patient is injured, since the sciatic nerve is connected to the spinal cord. Although sciatica can be annoying, and even extremely painful, it rarely requires surgery to fix (unless the root cause needs surgery). Some treatment options may be:
Dolman Law Group is an experienced firm the the area of back pain. If you or a loved one has suffered a serious back injury, call us at 727-451-6900 today for a free consultation.
Dolman Law Group
800 North Belcher Road
Clearwater, FL 33765