The term “brain injury” can refer to many types of injuries1 relating to the brain, skull and scalp. Possible complications and required treatments will greatly depend on how you acquired your injury, the location of the injury, and the severity of the brain damage. The following is some brief information regarding different types of brain injuries.
A concussion is considered a minor brain injury. One would receive a concussion from impact to the head or a sudden change in movement, like whiplash. While a concussion may not be able to be seen through an imaging test, concussions are still serious and can take years to heal. Concussions are especially dangerous if more than one is sustained.
Contusions occur after direct impact to the head and results in bruising on the brain. Large contusions are typically treated through surgery, during which they are removed.
3. Penetrating injury
Penetrating injuries occur when some type of object sends hair, skin or fragments of the skull into the brain. This injury commonly occurs from gunshot wounds. In fact, the single largest cause of TBI deaths is firearms.
4. Anoxic brain injury
This type of injury occurs when the brain does not have enough oxygen to operate. If the brain goes without oxygen for four to five minutes, brain cells will die and brain injury can occur. Typical causes of anoxic brain injuries are respiratory arrest, drowning, heart attack, carbon monoxide poisoning and choking.
Mild injury – A mild TBI2 is characterized by loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes, if it all. Loss of consciousness need not occur and a victim may only appear to be confused or disoriented. With mild TBIs, medical tests may show that the brain was not injured, although this can be untrue. This is why doctors look closely at the victim’s mental functioning in diagnosing mild TBIs and concussions.
Moderate injury – A moderate TBI is characterized by loss of consciousness that may last up to a few hours and confusion that can last up to weeks. With a moderate TBI, complications can last for months and could be permanent. These complications can be physical, cognitive or behavioral. Many treatment programs will be needed to address these complications.
Severe brain injury – The most severe TBIs come from crushing blows or penetration to the skull and brain. This level of injury is life-threatening and the victim is not likely to return to the life that they once had. While closed head injuries can result in severe brain injury, typically severe head trauma is from an open head injury where the skull has been seriously damaged.
No two TBIs are the same and many require specialized care and rehabilitation services. People who believe they may have sustained a minor TBI like a concussion should be aware that often new symptoms develop in the weeks following the accident. These new symptoms should not be disregarded and should be addressed by a healthcare professional. Contacting a skilled New Port Richey brain injury lawyer can also help you get the treatment you need.
An attorney who focuses on TBI law will be able to look out for your best interests. Contact the Dolman Law Group at 727-451-6900 today for a free initial consultation.
Dolman Law Group
5435 Main Street
New Port Richey, FL 34652