What to Do After a Concussion

October 2, 2018 | Attorney, Matthew Dolman
What to Do After a Concussion

Steps to Take Following a Concussion

Many injuries suffered after an accident are visible to the naked eye—lacerations, puncture wounds, and bruises. But invisible injuries, such as concussions, are no less dangerous. If you suffered a blow to the head, seek medical treatment immediately and contact a personal injury attorney to see if you qualify for compensation.

What Is a Concussion?

Our skulls provide excellent protection to our brains. And spinal fluid surrounding the brain acts as a cushion, protecting your brain from slamming into the inside of your skull. But if you suffer any kind of blow to the head, that blow may shake your brain. If severe enough, this shaking can cause your brain to hit the hard inner shell of your skull, causing a concussion. In extreme cases, you might black out—but you don't have to pass out to suffer a concussion.

What Are Common Concussion Symptoms?

Not every blow to the head will cause a concussion, so it's not always easy to tell when you sustain one. However, common symptoms should cause you to investigate further:
  • Headaches that worsen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
Concussion victims might also have trouble thinking clearly or remembering facts and details. Their sleep might also become interrupted, and they might quickly rise to anger or fall into sorrow. Only a qualified physician can diagnose whether you suffered a concussion, so don't delay seeing a doctor or visiting an emergency room.

What Should You Do Immediately After a suffering a Concussion or Traumatic Brain Injury?

If a loved one suffers a blow to the head, immediately stabilize that person. After a bad accident (like a car wreck), you're probably better off calling emergency services, which can come out and make sure you don't do more damage during transportation to the hospital. Otherwise, you should take your loved one to the hospital as soon as possible. At the hospital, a doctor will review your medical history and the details of the event (if you remember them). Tell your doctor if you suffered a blow to the head before or if you are on medication that thins your blood since both of these facts put you at a higher risk of complications. As part of the diagnosis, the doctor will ask you questions about the injury, which test your ability to remember information and focus. A doctor may also schedule neuropsychological tests or a CT scan to look at an image of your brain. During diagnosis, answer your doctor's questions honestly so that your doctor can make a realistic assessment of the situation.

The Importance of Rest After Suffering a Concussion

Some concussions clear up within seven to 10 days, but other people need more time to fully recover. It's important not rush your recovery. If you are involved in strenuous activities, slow down as soon as you begin to feel dizzy or unwell. Rest is the best way to improve your condition, so take it easy until you feel well. Your doctor may also prescribe the following:
  • Get enough sleep at night so that you feel fully rested
  • Avoid emotionally draining activities or those that require intense concentration
  • Stop taking alcohol or illegal drugs
  • Don't play video games
  • Stay home from work, if possible
  • Place a cold or ice pack on any swelling
  • Take pain medication
Rest is particularly important so that you don't suffer a second concussion soon after the first, which could result in more serious brain trauma. In all instances, follow your doctor's directions closely and call if you notice that your symptoms are not improving. Your doctor might need to perform additional tests to see if your condition is worse than originally assumed.

Watch for Worsening Concussion Symptoms

Not every concussion is mild. In a bad accident, for example, you might suffer a more severe traumatic brain injury. The symptoms resemble those of a mild concussion, but they don't get better with time, even with rest. Instead, people with more serious traumatic brain injuries suffer long-lasting problems with movement, speaking, and learning. Serious brain trauma will require more intensive therapy and rehabilitation. For example, you may need to meet with a speech therapist to learn how to talk again. A counselor can help you cope with your emotions. You may also need medication to relieve chronic pain, anxiety, sleep disorders, and headaches. Victims of severe brain trauma also frequently need occupational therapy to allow them to return to some sort of work and take care of themselves.

Concussion TBI Complications

If someone that suffers a concussion fails to take their injury seriously, then they could be at an increased risk of suffering a complication with their concussion. Traumatic brain injuries like concussions are extremely serious no matter how mild or intense the trauma. Our brain is extremely complex and delicate which makes it highly susceptible to harm. A concussion can only be the beginning of a more serious threat to your brain's health either from failing to take medical action or the sustaining of another injury that affects the brain. Post-Concussion Syndrome Most of the symptoms of a concussion will end up going away on their own in time as long as someone takes steps to rest and manage their injury. If not, they can have their symptoms persist long after they are supposed to have made a full recovery. This is known as post-concussion syndrome. Symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, lack of focus, and others cognitive hiccups can persist and in certain cases even grow more intense when a concussion is not taken care of. Post-Traumatic Vertigo After a Concussion Sometimes after a concussion is sustained, a victim may experience vertigo when they place their head in a certain position, or when have a headache, or even when they blow their nose. This post-concussion dizziness is usually attributed to the ear. After a head injury, scarring of the drainage pathways in the ear may cause fluid to build up and lead to instances of dizziness. Second Impact Syndrome a Post Concussion Risk Second impact syndrome can be incredibly dangerous and is among the more severe forms of concussion complications. Second impact syndrome is when a second concussion is sustained by a person who has already had a concussion that has yet to fully heal. It's fairly obvious that two concussions or head injuries of any kind that occur consecutively in short temporal proximity are bad for your health. Second impact syndrome can cause the brain to swell up rapidly which can very easily lead to death. It also can cause a variety of other damages to the brain since it is in a compromised state after the first concussion. Degenerative Brain Disease Risk After Concussions After someone sustains a concussion, they can be at increased risk to suffer from any number of degenerative brain diseases. One such disease is chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE. It is found within people in occupations where they are at risk to suffer repeated head trauma such as athletes. This disease results in the gradual damage and destruction of brain cells as a protein called tau builds up in the brain.

Consider Legal Action After Suffering a Concussion

Someone else's negligence may have caused your concussion by creating a dangerous condition or intentionally causing the concussion. Depending on the circumstances, you might sue the party at fault and get monetary compensation for your injuries. For example, people sometimes suffer injuries in the following ways:
  • Someone intentionally strikes you—for example, in a bar fight
  • Someone accidentally rear-ends your car
  • You slip and fall on a wet floor
  • You trip over some other hazard, such as a crack in the floor or sidewalk, a loose step, etc.
  • You suffer an injury at work when equipment or cargo slams into your head
If you win your lawsuit, you can get reimbursed for medical expenses such as hospital bills and prescription drug costs. You also might earn compensation for lost wages and for pain and suffering. Only a qualified attorney can assess the circumstances surrounding your concussion to pinpoint the party at fault and estimate how much you are likely to receive in compensation.

Contact a Clearwater, Florida, Personal Injury Attorney

The brain is highly sensitive, and concussion victims should take their recovery seriously. If you were injured through no fault of your own, then seek out compensation to help make you whole. At Dolman Law Group Accident Injury Lawyers, PA, we fight for accident victims to get the compensation they deserve. Contact us at (727) 451-6900 or fill out our online contact form. Consultations are free. Dolman Law Group Accident Injury Lawyers, PA 800 North Belcher Road Clearwater, FL 33765 727-451-6900


Matthew Dolman

Personal Injury Lawyer

This article was written and reviewed by Matthew Dolman. Matt has been a practicing civil trial, personal injury, products liability, and mass tort lawyer since 2004. He has successfully fought for more than 11,000 injured clients and acted as lead counsel in more than 1,000 lawsuits. Always on the cutting edge of personal injury law, Matt is actively engaged in complex legal matters, including Suboxone, AFFF, and Ozempic lawsuits.  Matt is a lifetime member of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum and Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum for resolving individual cases in excess of $1 million and $2 million, respectively. He has also been selected by his colleagues as a Florida Superlawyer and as a member of Florida’s Legal Elite on multiple occasions. Further, Matt has been quoted in the media numerous times and is a sought-after speaker on a variety of legal issues and topics.

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