Seeking Compensation after Being Injured by a DogAnimal attacks of all types can be physically devastating to the victim. The physical injuries can be severe. The extent of the injuries can range from bruising and lacerations to disfigurement or loss of limbs or appendages. Dog bites tend to be the most common form of animal attack because dogs are the most commonly kept pet and because they are the most capable of causing injury when they attack. In fact, 4.7 million dog bites occur in the US each year, and 800,000 of those bites require medical care. Considering the population of the United States, 1 out of every 69 people are seriously bit by a dog. When a dog attacks another person, it often because the owner of the animal was negligent. They either new their dog was a danger, did not properly secure it, or put it in a position in which attacking was inevitable.
Emotional Trauma Following a Dog Bite AttackUnfortunately, the damage from a dog bite doesn't necessarily end with the physical injuries. Because of the particularly aggressive manner in which they occur, victims of animal attacks often suffer emotional trauma for months, or even years, following the attack. Such emotional trauma is particularly true if the attack caused physical disfigurement. Especially disfigurement to the face, neck, hands, or other commonly visible areas of the body. Plastic surgery can help to repair such damage, but it is not always 100% effective. Even if the physical scars are removed, the emotional scars remain.
Dog Bites Can Lead to PTSDPosttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common consequence of a dog bite. PTSD can be suffered by both children and adults. In general, PTSD is a mental health problem that arises after a victim experiences a traumatic event. PTSD and the associated mental anguish can be triggered through being assaulted by another person; or as described above, attacked by an animal. Symptoms of PTSD generally fall into one of three categories:
- Victims may re-live the event over and over again through a serious of flashbacks. These can occur in the victim's dreams, which contributes to sleeplessness or a fear of falling asleep; which, in turn, increases feelings of anxiety during waking hours.
- Other signs of PTSD fall into the avoidance Avoidance symptoms manifest themselves in ways such as lack of interest in daily activities, avoiding people or places that remind the victim of the traumatizing event, or otherwise isolating oneself from others.
- Finally, arousal symptoms cause the victim to have difficulty concentrating and/or sleeping. Such symptoms cause further anxiety.
Children are the Most Vulnerable to Dog AttacksWhile dog attacks are not limited to any specific age group, children are the most common victims of animal attacks. The Center for Disease Control and the American Veterinarian Association report that most dog bites happen to children ages 5-7. Most of these attacks are to the child's face and neck, perhaps because of their height. Children are at a particularly higher risk for developing PTSD following an animal attack because the event is indeed horrifying to child and they have fewer experiences to help them process it. There is often large amounts of blood loss and physical pain during a dog attack. In addition, almost half of child dog bites are inflicted by a trusted family pet. In most instances, the family pet has to be put down causing the child to face the additional emotional trauma of losing his/her best friend. Additionally, children are much more observant than we tend to believe. As such, children can see the change in their parent's faces or mannerisms. They feel the tension and guilt felt by his/her parents whenever the attack is mentioned. This causes the child to stop talking about the event completely, choosing instead to keep his/her emotions bottled up internally.
Noticing the Signs of PTSD after a Dog AttackIf you or someone you know has been attacked by an animal, please keep the following PTSD symptoms in mind so that you can seek the appropriate medical care.
- Night terrors/nightmares
- Serious anxiety
- Emotional unresponsiveness
- Avoidance of other people or activities
- Physical manifestations like headaches or insomnia