Pedestrian Accidents At Night: Who Is Responsible?

June 11, 2020 | Attorney, Matthew Dolman
Pedestrian Accidents At Night: Who Is Responsible?

Liability for Nighttime Pedestrian Accidents

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration1 (NHSTA) has estimated that a pedestrian is killed every 2 hours and injured every 8 minutes in traffic crashes.  The majority (approximately 78%) of fatalities occurred in urban areas.  The majority (approximately 72% of these incidents occurred while it was dark out.  Doubtless, walking around at night increases one's chances of being struck by a vehicle. When pedestrians walk at night, they are at an increased risk of involvement in an accident with a motor vehicle. In many cases, they will be able to recover compensation for any injuries they have sustained, so it is important that anyone involved in a pedestrian accident have their case fully reviewed by an experience lawyer. Among the types of losses that are often compensable in a Florida pedestrian accident case include the following: In many cases, pedestrians are severely injured in accidents with motor vehicles, which often in turn result in significant losses. In fact, in serious cases, pedestrian accident victims can claim losses well into the hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. As a result, insurance companies (or self-insured at-fault parties) are highly incentivized to do everything possible to avoid or minimize liability. This fact makes it crucial for anyone involved in a pedestrian accident to retain a lawyer who is will protect their rights and is not hesitant to take a case to trial should justice demand it. Human and Environmental Factors A number of factors come into play when an accident occurs at night.
  • Low Visibility - Visibility is low and drivers must rely on headlights to see the road. Streetlights might be out, effectively eliminating the chances of a pedestrian being seen.
  • Impairment – there tend to be more drivers on the road at night who operate their vehicles while under the influence of alcohol
  • Pedestrian clothing – pedestrians wearing dark clothing may not be as easily visible during the night
  • Weather Conditions – the roads may be wet, icy, or have obstructions that would be difficult to see at night (such as a pothole)
  • Perception-Reaction time – because of lack of ambient light, humans suffer from a decrease in ability to perceive the objects around them and react accordingly. For instance, a motorist traveling at 40 mph during the day might notice a pedestrian crossing the intersection from afar and brake in time to avoid collision.  At night, the pedestrian would not be as apparent and the motorist traveling 40mph might not be able to brake in time.
Assessing Fault Often times a car or truck driver might claim that a pedestrian suddenly “came out of nowhere” and deny liability or claim that they are not completely at fault for the accident.  These motorists will call to attention a number of the aforementioned human factors along with several environmental factors in an attempt to excuse them from fault.  Accordingly, the motorist may not always be at fault in the event of a pedestrian accident that occurs at night. However, a motorist still owes a general duty of care to a pedestrian in that the motorist cannot operate their vehicle in a negligent manner.  Running stop sign light because you didn't “see it” is no excuse for hitting a pedestrian crossing the street.  However, if the street lamps in the intersection were out and it was pitch dark out, the motorist may have an excuse for colliding with the pedestrian. This does not mean that the pedestrian cannot still recover some compensation, however, as Florida law2 allows injured accident victims to collect partial recovery when fault is shared. Having an experienced pedestrian accident lawyer on your side is extremely important in this situation to ensure you receive the compensation you deserve.

Seeking Compensation for a Pedestrian Night Accident

When a pedestrian is struck by a vehicle in an accident they are likely to suffer extremely severe injuries due to the fact that a motor vehicle traveling at speed has the force to inflict severe trauma. Accidents with pedestrians and motor-vehicles often result in injuries such as broken bones, traumatic brain injuries, spinal injuries, and internal organ damage which can leave a person with lifelong disabilities and generally cause a number of negative effects on their life. A pedestrian accident injury claim can seek compensation for these damages with the negotiation of a settlement with the party liable for the accident. In order to effectively negotiate a settlement in a pedestrian accident injury claim a claimant needs to be able to prove the negligence of the liable party and how it caused the accident. This requires evidence obtained through an extensive investigation of the accident scene and consultation with experts. In addition to this, the negotiation of a settlement requires knowledge and specialized skills in order to ensure that the optimal amount of compensation. Attempting to handle a pedestrian accident injury claim on your own is a sure way to make a mistake that can end up causing your settlement value to decrease or to have your claim denied altogether. This is why it is in a pedestrian accident survivor to seek an experienced personal injury attorney as soon as possible. Call the Dolman Group Today to Speak to a St. Petersburg Pedestrian Accident Lawyer If you were hit by a motor vehicle walking on a sidewalk or crossing the street, contact the experienced  personal injury attorneys of the Dolman Law Group Accident Injury Lawyers, PA at 727-451-6900 today to discuss your claim.  We offer free consultations and won't charge you a dime unless you win your lawsuit.  We service clients all throughout Florida and have offices located in Clearwater, New Port Richey, and St. Petersburg.  Call 727-451-6900 today to get the justice you deserve. Dolman Law Group Accident Injury Lawyers, PA 800 North Belcher Road Clearwater, FL 33765 727-451-6900 References: 1 2


Matthew Dolman

Personal Injury Lawyer

This article was written and reviewed by Matthew Dolman. Matt has been a practicing civil trial, personal injury, products liability, and mass tort lawyer since 2004. He has successfully fought for more than 11,000 injured clients and acted as lead counsel in more than 1,000 lawsuits. Always on the cutting edge of personal injury law, Matt is actively engaged in complex legal matters, including Suboxone, AFFF, and Ozempic lawsuits.  Matt is a lifetime member of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum and Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum for resolving individual cases in excess of $1 million and $2 million, respectively. He has also been selected by his colleagues as a Florida Superlawyer and as a member of Florida’s Legal Elite on multiple occasions. Further, Matt has been quoted in the media numerous times and is a sought-after speaker on a variety of legal issues and topics.

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