The Amount of Time You Have to File a ClaimIndividuals seeking compensation or health benefits through the VA disability claims process generally do not have a time limit when they file their claims. They simply file their claim and submit supporting documents so that VA administrators can determine the amount of disability and other benefits owed to the claimant. Previously, there have been attempts by those impacted by Camp Lejeune water contamination to file a legal claim against the U.S. government in civil court. Courts dismissed past lawsuits due to a provision in North Carolina law that prevents filing personal injury claims more than ten years after an act or omission resulting in harm. This provision left potential water contamination claimants largely out of the process as they generally didn't know the water contamination existed or that it had caused a debilitating illness until well after North Carolina's 10-year statute of repose had passed. The Camp Lejeune Justice Act of 2022, passed by the House in March and by the Senate in late June, provides the ability of Camp Lejeune claimants to file a lawsuit against the U.S. government for failing to warn the residents and workers of water contamination. Under the act's provisions, claimants would have two years from the date of diagnosis of a condition known to be related to the contamination. For those diagnosed, the deadline for filing a legal claim is the date on which the law is enacted.
The Amount of Time the VA Needs to Consider a Disability ClaimCurrently, the VA reports that its disability claims process takes more than four months from the time you submit the claim until it reaches an award determination. During the time it takes for the VA to consider the claim, the claimant needn't do anything except submit additional information about their presence at an affected site or their disability if requested. The timeline of filing a disability claim consists of:
- Once the VA has received the claim, the administration will inform the claimant. If you filed the claim online, this notification would come in an on-screen message when the claim is submitted. If the claim is submitted by mail, the VA will mail a letter in about one week informing them that it received the submission.
- The VA will conduct an initial review of the claim and request supporting documentation.
- The VA will review evidence from the claimant, health care providers, governmental agencies, and others and determine whether there is satisfactory evidence to show presence at an affected site, the diagnosis of a related issue, and the impact of that issue on the claimant's ability to work.
- The claim is complete once the VA has prepared and mailed you an entire claim decision packet. This packet includes all of the details that went into the VA's decision about the claim and the procedure the claimant can use if they wish to appeal the decision.
What Benefits Can a VA Disability Claim Provide?Veterans, reservists, and guardsmen and their family members who worked or lived at least 30 days at Camp Lejeune or MCAS New River can seek benefits from the VA, including:
- Health benefits include the cost of medically treating a condition caused by Camp Lejeune water contamination, including reimbursement of out-of-pocket medical costs incurred by family members.
- Disability payments, which involve wage replacement for those who can't work due to their condition. These benefits increase as the claimant's level of disability increases.
How Long a Class-Action Settlement Will TakeThe time it takes to resolve a class-action lawsuit is hard to predict, even when the federal government is the defendant and Congress has allotted billions of dollars for these legal claims. Some class actions resolve quickly, while others take more time. Meeting the VA criteria for presumptive eligibility does not automatically result in eligibility to receive a settlement through a lawsuit filed in federal court. The Camp Lejeune Justice Act still requires determinations to be made on a case-by-case basis based on evidence. However, the act expands the evidence that can prove the effects of water contamination, including allowing the use of published studies that link certain medical conditions to the compounds found in the contamination.
The Types of Benefits Available Through a Water Contamination LawsuitIndividuals seeking compensation through a water contamination lawsuit may recover past and future medical expenses related to the treatment of the illness, payments involving the loss of earning capacity, and compensation for pain and suffering that the claimant endured as a result of their water contamination-related illness.
Who May File a Claim?Individuals diagnosed with a medical condition associated with exposure to the compounds contained in the contamination of Camp Lejeune's water supply can seek benefits, including compensation and medical treatment, through the VA if they:
- Are a veteran, reservist, or guardsman who served at Camp Lejeune or the Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) New River for at least 30 consecutive days between August 1953 to December 1987.
- Are the family member of a veteran, reservist, or guardsman, and they lived at Camp Lejeune or MCAS New River for at least 30 consecutive days between August 1953 to December 1987.
The Types of Water Contamination-Related Medical Conditions Covered By a VA Disability ClaimIn addition to being able to prove that you were present at Camp Lejeune or MCAS New River during the period of exposure to contaminants in drinking water, you must show that you have:
- Bladder cancer
- Breast cancer
- Esophageal cancer
- Female infertility
- Hepatic steatosis
- Kidney cancer
- Lung cancer
- Multiple myeloma
- Myelodysplastic syndromes, including aplastic anemia
- Neurobehavioral effects
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Renal toxicity
What Caused Water Contamination at Camp LeJeune?U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune was established in North Carolina in 1942. Forty years later, the Marine Corps discovered that an array of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) contaminated the drinking water provided by two of its distribution plants, including:
- Trichloroethylene (TCE), an industrial degreaser that is used on metals as well as in dry cleaning processes and can cause harmful effects on the liver, kidney, immune, and endocrine systems.
- Tetrachloroethylene (PCE), also commonly used in degreasers and dry cleaning processes. PCE contamination may cause bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and end-stage renal disease.
- Benzene, a common compound with several uses, including in detergents, rubbers, and resins. Benzene is associated with the development of leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Vinyl chloride, used to make PVC pipes and other types of plastics, and packaging materials. Over time, exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride may cause liver cancer.
- The Hadnot Point water distribution system came into service in 1942. It served the Mainside barracks, Hospital Point family housing, and the family housing at Midway Park, Paradise Point, and Berkeley Manor until 1972. The main contaminant found in the supplies for this system was TCE. In 1982, there were 1,400 parts per billion (ppb) of TCE found in the water supplies at Hadnot Point. The acceptable amount of this contamination in U.S. drinking water is five ppb. These sources of contamination for this water distribution system included leaking underground storage tanks and waste disposal sites.
- The Tarawa Terrace water distribution system began operation in 1952, providing drinking water for Tarawa Terrace family housing and the Knox Trailer Park until it was shut down in 1987. The main contaminant of this system was PCE, with the source of contamination being the ABC One-Hour Cleaners. In 1985, water tests revealed a PCE level of 215 ppb—far over the five ppb allowable in U.S. drinking water supplies.