The worst detrimental effects of intrauterine devices (IUDs) to users are the migration of the devices, puncturing the uterine wall, and damaging organs within the body cavity such as the liver and intestines. Other possible side effects are ectopic pregnancy, fatigue, depression, mood swings, painful cramps, and many more.
Many women who opted to remove their IUDs to avoid complications experienced many of the symptoms that they sought to avoid. These symptoms also occur with women who had the device removed after the prescribed duration, which could be five to ten years, depending on the type of IUD. These detrimental effects, known as the IUD crash, can occur for weeks or even months after the device’s removal. In many women, the symptoms were severe enough to damage their lives.
Mirena IUD Table of Contents
ParaGard IUD Table of Contents
The Mirena IUD is a T-shaped device implanted in the uterus, containing a reservoir of slowly released synthetic progesterone. This synthetic product, Levonorgestrel, causes a thickening of the mucous membrane inhibiting the travel of sperm, preventing pregnancy. The Paragard IUD is also a plastic T-shaped device with copper wiring that is toxic to eggs and sperm, preventing pregnancy without using hormones.
If you used either type of IUD, and you suffered adverse symptoms after its removal (including mood disorders, internal injuries, emergency surgery, miscarriage, or sterility) you may file a personal injury lawsuit to seek compensation for your damages.
So, what is the Mirena crash? The Mirena crash is the name given to the pain and discomfort that follows when the birth-control device is removed and the flow of synthetic hormones stops. It can be weeks or longer before the body realizes it needs to produce its own progesterone because it has become “lazy,” relying on the synthetic provision. This causes hormone imbalance or estrogen dominance.
This same period of time reflects the Mirena crash duration. In many women, this imbalance causes severe symptoms similar to those associated with the usage of the device. In some women, Mirena crash symptoms appear recurrently before each period, lasting for months. Some other women suffer for an extended time, both physically and emotionally, at any time, day or night. One sufferer described her feelings as being “smothered with severe despair” at night.
Some women have reported the crash only lasting a few days, while others report weeks or months. Medically speaking, there is no way to tell because it depends on how long your body takes to return to a normal hormonal balance. The sooner this happens, the sooner the symptoms will dissipate.
Mirena crash symptoms include:
- Runaway emotions such as anxiety, sadness, anger, and depression. Severe cases have produced suicidal thoughts.
- Frequent mood swings can strain relationships and affect work performance
- Physical symptoms such as muscle fatigue, cough, sore throat, and even fever are often misdiagnosed
- Nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain
- Breast tenderness
- Decreased sex drive and painful sex
Many physicians will not acknowledge that the Mirena crash caused the side effects after the device’s removal. They only rely on the information provided by Bayer, the producer of the product. Doctors tell women that their tests are normal and blame their symptoms on causes from anxiety to early menopause. Since every woman can experience different reactions, it makes doctors’ diagnoses and treatment less accurate.
The symptoms associated with removing the Mirena IUD are not necessarily life-threatening, although that’s not to say they’re not painful. However, one symptom does pose some risk—the emotional effects. According to a study of Mirena removal, depression occurs in 36 percent of women under 33, with a higher percentage for those 34 and older.
Once doctors remove the device, disrupting hormone levels, patients often experience mood changes, ranging from depression and sudden mood swings to abnormal behavior. The resulting abrupt changes in the concentration of hormones disrupt how the brain and body function. One of these emotional changes (or a combination of them all) is the possibility of suicidal thoughts. Obviously, this poses a serious risk. If you experience this symptom, speak to a healthcare professional right away.
Emotional symptoms of Mirena removal may include:
- Consistent sadness, hopelessness, and/or anxiety
- Mood swings and irritability
- A feeling of always being tired
- Trouble concentrating
- Loss of interest in once enjoyable activities
- Excessive sleeping or insomnia
- Changes in appetite
- Suicidal thoughts
The Mirena IUD can cause other serious complications besides the hormone imbalance referenced above. In fact, Mirena has caused birth injuries to babies whom women conceived and carried with a Mirena IUD still in place, posing a serious risk to the developing fetus. This is especially true if the IUD is not removed early on in the pregnancy. Becoming pregnant while your IUD device is still in place can also cause ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, premature birth, and even birth defects and fetal abnormalities.
Consumers of medical products like the Mirena IUD have rights when dangerous products such as these harm them. Companies that make and sell medical products have a duty to those who use their products. When they breach that duty, they are liable for the damage their products cause.
Defective medical devices like the Mirena IUD can cause severe damages that leave injured people with depleted finances and a greatly reduced quality of life. This is why product liability law exists—so that those harmed by defective and dangerous products can hold those responsible for their injuries accountable for negligent practices.
Filing a product liability lawsuit over injuries caused by a Mirena IUD can get you the compensation needed to get back on your feet after suffering damages like medical expenses, lost wages, and mental anguish. Filing a lawsuit over Mirena IUD injuries can be a complex undertaking. Do not try to handle it alone. Hiring an experienced product liability attorney can make all the difference when it comes to your case’s success.
For a free legal consultation, call 833-552-7274
Paragard is another IUD option that many women select because it is hormone-free and claims to last up to ten years. However, similar to Mirena, the Paragard IUD caused serious problems for many users, leading to many lawsuits—and this number will likely only increase.
These lawsuits focus largely on the following legal claims:
Design and Manufacturing Defects
Because many plaintiffs had the Paragard device break apart in their uterus, they claim that manufacturers Teva Pharmaceuticals and The Cooper Companies defectively designed or manufactured the device. They claim that proper design and manufacturing would not allow the plastic arm to break apart, requiring surgical removal in many cases.
Failure to Warn
Plaintiffs also claim that the manufacturing corporations failed to provide warnings to consumers about the risk that the plastic arms of the IUD would break and stick in the uterus. Some state they would not have selected Paragard had they received proper warnings of this risk.
Even though Paragard does not have the hormonal effects of Mirena, the IUD does come with the risk of side effects, which can include:
- Cramping and pain
- Pain with intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Menstrual spotting
- Overly heavy menstrual flow
- Expulsion of the device
While none of these side effects might be life-threatening, they can inconvenience a Paragard user, especially if they were unaware of the potential for such effects.
In addition to the above-mentioned side effects, Paragard also comes with the risk of more severe problems and complications. Specifically, the top arms of the T-shaped device might not bend as they should upon removal, and they might instead break off and remain in the uterus.
When the arms of Paragard break off, they run the risk of embedding into the uterus wall or even causing damage to nearby organs. Many patients suffer ongoing health issues as a result and need surgery to remove the broken pieces.
The arms can also break off before the removal of the device. In this case, medical professionals need to remove the pieces of the broken IUD, which might also embed in the uterus wall.
Instead of hormones, Paragard uses copper wiring to prevent pregnancy because copper is toxic to eggs and sperm. The small amount of copper should not poison a Paragard user’s health in general, though reports have circulated of symptoms and effects that resemble copper toxicity.
Little research has explored the risks of copper toxicity from an IUD. One recent literature review stated that several studies were inconclusive, and several more found no connection between copper toxicity and Paragard. On the other hand, four studies reported elevated copper levels in the bloodstreams of copper IUDs users, though there were questions about the study’s methodology and the reliability of the results.
People who have a diagnosis of Wilson’s disease, which can cause excess copper buildup, might have higher risks of copper toxicity from Paragard. Elevated levels of copper can cause psychological, hepatological, and neurological effects:
- Yellow-tinted skin
- Difficulty speaking
- Stiffness or weakness of muscles
- Abdominal fluid buildup
While the connection between Paragard and copper toxicity is not a strong one, there is a chance that certain users might suffer severe symptoms from copper toxicity, and Paragard might play a role.
Mirena and Paragard might cause different risks and injuries, though similar claims and issues might arise. First, both devices could embed in the uterus or migrate away and damage other organs. These situations can require surgery for removal.
Injured users also allege that the makers of both IUDs were aware of these risks and failed to warn consumers. This means that consumers without proper warnings did not give fully informed consent for a medical professional to insert the device.
On the other hand, both Paragard and Mirena have potentially severe effects that victims might face challenges connecting to their IUD use. The symptoms of the Mirena crash or copper toxicity from Paragard are real for many people. Many victims, however, face legal hurdles when seeking compensation after experiencing these severe effects. They should always seek assistance from a Mirena or Paragard attorney.
If you are a woman using the Mirena or Paragard IUD, talk to your doctor about removing it if you experience any pain, abnormal bleeding, or other serious side effects.
On the other hand, a migrating IUD (one that moves from its intended location) can lead to internal injuries, multiple surgeries, miscarriage, and possible sterility. A Paragard IUD that breaks and possibly embeds can also result in surgeries and other injuries.
*The above information was written and reviewed by either Attorney Matthew Dolman or another injury lawyer at the Dolman Law Group Accident Injury Lawyers, PA which has a combined 90 plus years of experience practicing Florida personal injury law. Matthew Dolman himself has been practicing personal injury law in Clearwater and St. Petersburg for the last fifteen (15) years. The information provided comes from extensive research and years of experience trying legal cases in courtrooms throughout Florida. Content creation and editing by Jordan Puckett.