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Recognizing 4 Different Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) [Infographic]

Recognizing the Different Types of TBIs

Traumatic Brain Injuries, or TBIs, occur when a person receives a hit or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of their brain. TBIs may knock the person unconscious, but this is not always the case. Some TBIs can be mild with seemingly no symptoms at first, and others can be so dramatic that there is no question as to the state of the TBI. Either way, understanding what type of TBI a person is dealing with, or if they’re even suffering from a brain injury at all is critical in moving forward with a personal injury case.

A traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating. However, no matter where on this scale the injury falls, all injuries to the head are serious. The following list of four types of TBIs covers all four severity levels.

1. Concussion, or Mild TBI

A concussion occurs when a person receives a hit to the head that changes the way their brain normally functions. Concussions are also sometimes called “mild” brain injuries, but that can be a bit of a misnomer since any injury to the human brain is serious.

A concussion can result from a car accident, a sports injury, a slip, and fall, or any significant contact with the head. Most people who suffer a concussion or mild TBI will be back to normal within a few months, but others may have more serious long-term effects.

Concussions, or mild TBIs, are important to diagnose because of the risk of a second injury to the head. This condition is known as Second Impact Syndrome and it can turn a not-so-risky head injury into a serious medical issue.

2. Penetrating Brain Injuries

When a person receives a blow or jolt to the head, this is known as “closed” trauma. But when a foreign object actually pierces the skull and injures the brain, it is known as a penetrating injury.

A penetrating brain injury may occur from an object at high velocities, like a bullet or a piece of a shrapnel from a car accident, or from something at low velocity, like when a person’s head jams into a sharp object. Either type of penetrating TBI is extremely serious.

The symptoms of a penetrating brain injury vary depending on what caused the injury and how severe it is, but direct damage to the brain almost always causes severe lasting effects. These may include more immediate causes for medical concern, like heavy bleeding in the brain, to more lasting effects like epilepsy or paralysis.

Understanding how a penetrating head injury will affect a patient for the months and years to come is extremely important in understanding how to litigate a penetrating TBI case.

3. Cerebral Contusion

cerebral contusion, also known as “brain bruising”, occurs when there is bleeding on the surface of the brain. Cerebral contusions occur when the brain strikes against an object, and then possibly against the opposing side of the skull. These injuries are known as coup and contrecoup injuries, depending on which side of the brain is damaged.

Understanding how a brain has been affected by a blow to the head is critical to understanding what the future ramifications of an injury might be.

4. Intracranial Hemorrhage

During head trauma, blood vessels often rupture inside the brain leading to intracranial hemorrhaging, or brain bleeding. This bleeding of the brain often leads to a dangerous build up of pressure inside the skull that can lead to further serious brain injuries, often with lasting consequences. These types of TBIs obviously require immediate medical attention and can lead to serious consequences like a stroke or long-term impairment.

Contact experienced TBI attorneys.

Understanding what type of TBI you or a loved one suffered, and how that particular type of TBI may cause complications in the future, is critical to properly trying a brain injury case.

The experienced attorneys at Dolman Law Group are very familiar with the intricacies and nuances associated with litigating a traumatic brain injury case. Let our experienced team of investigators, expert witnesses, and experienced attorneys get you the compensation you deserve for your head injury case. Contact us today by calling (727) 451-6900 or by completing this online contact form.

Dolman Law Group
800 North Belcher Road
Clearwater, FL 33756
727-451-6900

Practice Area:  Brain Injuries