In the medical world, the term stenosis refers to the abnormal narrowing of a channel in the body. Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the bone channel that runs through vertebrae. This is the area that the spinal cord occupies. Normally, there is ample room for the spinal cord in the spinal channel. When someone develops spinal stenosis, as a result of disease or incident, there is no longer room for the cord. 
Both men and women over the age of 50 get spinal stenosis. However, those who are born with a hereditary condition and those who suffer from injury-inducing trauma can develop it also .
Besides the pain associated with most spine and back problems, other symptoms do arise. In fact, more often people experience numbness, weakness, cramping, and general pain in the arms and legs (called radiating pain).
Those with severe compression of the spinal cord caused by spinal stenosis can experience loss of bowel and bladder control, loss of sexual function, and/or pain, weakness, or numbness in one or both of their legs .
Cervical spinal stenosis refers to stenosis that occurs in the neck portion of the spine. Lumbar spinal stenosis refers to it occurring in the lower back. Lumbar spinal stenosis is far more common, with 75% of cases occurring in this region of the spine . Although lumbar is more common, cervical is much more serious, since it can result in permanent pain or paralysis, and should be treated right away. One of the simple signs that someone is suffering from lumbar spinal stenosis is that they find relief while sitting, or leaning forward while standing. This action changes the alignment of the vertebrae, creating relief by widening the canal.
The first step to diagnosing spinal stenosis is a series of questions, like:
The next step is usually a physical exam, checking for motion of the neck or spine, weakness, numbness, reflex changes, pain, sensory changes, and motor skills.
Finally, diagnostic tests are performed. The most common are imaging like x-rays, MRIs, and CT scans .
If you or a loved one is suffering from spinal stenosis due to an accident, injury, or another party’s negligence, it is important to speak to a spinal cord injury attorney who will zealously represent you and obtain compensation on your behalf. The attorneys at the Dolman Law Group are skilled spinal cord injury attorneys and they are ready to review and evaluate your case. Contact Dolman Law Group today at 727-451-6900 to schedule your free legal case evaluation and consultation.