- Computerized tomography (CT). A ‘cat' scan, as it is often referred to, takes X-rays of the brain, from different angles, to create a complete picture. Bleeding in the brain, bruised brain tissue, and other damage becomes easily evident.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI uses magnets and radio waves to produce images with greater detail than CT scans. The assessment of damage takes longer to complete so the test is more likely to be used in follow-up exams.
- Intercranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. Pressure within the skull may increase from swelling of the brain. This swelling can cause additional damage. This swelling may be monitored by the insertion of a probe though the skull. A drain or shunt may also be placed in the skull to relive pressure.
Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation And Recovery When a person suffers from a traumatic brain injury, the resulting severity will vary according to the type and amount of damage, the location of the injury and also by the amount of time that the brain injury may go undiagnosed. When even an apparent slight head injury occurs the victim should be evaluated by a professional immediately. The initial assessment by a doctor will evaluate a person's cognitive ability, socialization skills or difficulties, behavioral issues as well as many other emotional, physical and psychological symptoms. Imaging tests may also be employed by health care providers to show the area and amount of damage to the brain. These tests include: