Firefighting Foam Linked to Cancer is Still in Use
The evidence is clear: toxic chemicals found in firefighting foam are responsible for a laundry list of cancers and a host of debilitating health conditions.
The irony is that the chemicals that make Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF) so effective also make it dangerous; the heat-resistant properties of perfluorooctanoic acids (PFOAs) form the ideal building blocks for firefighting foam, but they are also carcinogens, especially in female firefighters.
The Response to Firefighting Foam and the Knowledge of its Danger
As public awareness of this issue has grown, the scrutiny of what exactly is being done about these harmful substances has increased significantly. A wave of class action lawsuits against chemical companies like Dupont and 3m have drawn the harm they have caused into the limelight. Product liability lawsuits can only do so much so many are looking to the government for response.
Many states have responded with restrictions on the usage of Aqueous Film Forming Foam, demanded updates on decontamination processes, and even sought to buy out existing supplies.
Exposure most commonly occurs at military bases, fires and firefighting training courses, and airports. Unfortunately, it doesn’t stop there; the dangerous PFOAs can seep into the soil and groundwater supply, increasing the impact radius and affecting unsuspecting civilians through contaminated drinking water.
Where is Toxic Firefighting Foam Being Used?
For decades, AFFF has been the go-to fire extinguisher for airports, firefighters, and the U.S. military. Its effectiveness led to its widespread use, spreading toxic PFOAs wherever it was employed.
According to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida has 15 sites where PFOA has been confirmed, and 8 locations where it is suspected. Unsurprisingly, this list contains military bases and airports, but it also includes Florida’s Kennedy Space Center.
While regulatory agencies have made substantial efforts to eradicate the use of hazardous firefighting foam, it has a shelf life of 20 to 25 years, and alternatives are still in their early (and expensive) stages. The primary user of AFFF is the U.S. military, but they are not the only people at risk.
Why is AFFF Still Being Used if It Is a Known Carcinogen?
In general, PFOAs are no longer produced domestically, as some major companies responded to the backlash and largely ceased production by 2015. The question still remains, if we know the effects of toxic chemicals in firefighting foam, why is it still being used in some cases?
Despite the risk of exposure to carcinogens, the U.S. military made the call to safeguard the integrity of their bases -which contain highly flammable and explosive materials- and need to be defense-ready. The fact remains that there are limited effective alternatives to AFFF.
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How Are the Risks of AFFF Being Mitigated?
The Department of Defense has invested considerable resources into developing an alternative to AFFF as a fire extinguisher. The stiff criteria- foam that can be stored and used with existing equipment, as well as satisfy EPA and DoD requirements- have delayed a solution.
In the meantime, the DoD has engaged in a large-scale clean-up of sites contaminated by toxic PFOAs from the use of AFFF.
The military plans to phase out the use of firefighting foam containing PFOAs by October 2024, as directed in the National Defense Authorization Act of 2020. However, this deadline is still two and a half years away, leaving little protection for the people who are exposed in the meantime.
Current Florida Legislation Seeks to Reduce the Use of AFFF
Identical bills introduced in both chambers of the Florida legislature stipulate that firefighting foam can only be used to prevent a fire or extinguish one in an emergency for fire service providers.
The state government does not have jurisdiction over military bases, so this mainly applies to fire departments. In its current form, the bill does not comment on the “manufacturing, sale, or distribution” of AFFF.
While this is a step in the right direction, critics advocate for stronger protections, including increased monitoring with publicly available data, accountability for manufacturers, and an all-out ban on PSOAs in non-consumer products.
Who Can I Hold Liable for Cancer Caused by Firefighting Foam?
People who join the military or fire department agree to put their lives on the line for the benefit of others, and the glaring negligence of AFFF manufacturers and distributors is a slap in the face to that service.
Families who live around military bases or airports have not made the same commitment; the risk for these private citizens is also heightened due to their proximity, yet they may not even be aware of the possibility of contamination until it’s too late.
Chemical Companies Can be Considered Liable for Firefighting Foam Cancer
Companies like 3M and DuPont were well aware of the potential risks of their products; documents demonstrate that they had knowledge of serious health risks associated with their products as far back as the 1950s, which were corroborated by the likes of Stanford University and the FDA.
These companies not only violated consumer rights to know about the potential harm posed by certain products in the name of profit. This gross negligence is an extraordinary violation of the duty of care that they have towards those who use firefighting foam making them liable in a product liability lawsuit over the damages caused.
Contact Dolman Law Group for Help With Your Firefighting Foam Cancer Lawsuit
An elevated risk of cancer, thyroid issues, and a compromised immune system shouldn’t be par for the course when it comes to doing your job. When a corporation knowingly allows dangerous products like AFFF to be used by unsuspecting workers, they deserve to be held accountable for the havoc they wreak on the lives of innocent people.
Cancer is costly, for your bank account and your body; at your most vulnerable, you may be forced to contend with medical debt and mental health issues. Let the lawyers of Dolman Law Group support you and guide you through the process of filing a personal injury claim, from securing medical evaluations to preparing trial paperwork to convincing a jury of the damages you deserve.
We will relentlessly pursue a settlement that properly compensates you for the damages inflicted and the losses to come, whether that be in the form of loss of consortium, pain and suffering, or lost wages.
If you’ve developed cancer after serving in the military, working on an airfield, or as a firefighter, or lost a loved one to cancer after being exposed to firefighting foam, we can help you determine if you’re eligible for damages in a product liability lawsuit.